Study in Austria
Landlocked between Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Italy and Hungary, Austria is a federal republic with a population of 8.7 million people with ¼th of them living in the country’s capital – Vienna. It is also a member of the European Union. The 83,879 km2 territory of the country is mostly mountainous where only 32% of the country is below 500m. Standard German is recognized as the official language while Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian and Slovenian are spoken as local official languages.
With a GDP of $386 billion, Austria is one of the 14 richest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita and it has a social market economy with high standards of living. Austria is a highly developed industrialized country with an important service sector. The most important industries are food and luxury commodities, mechanical engineering and steel construction, chemicals and vehicle manufacturing. The country also boasts the second lowest unemployment rate at 5.6% in the European Union after Luxembourg.
Among European countries, Austrians work the longest hours with an average of 45 hours per week.
Austria possesses a vibrant European culture with present and past influences from Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary and Bohemia. The country’s contribution to Art and music cannot be overlooked. During the 18th and 19th centuries Vienna became a centre for musical innovation and many musical prodigies like Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig Van Beethoven and Johann Strauss Jr. were associated with the city.
Some fun facts about Austria:
- The world’s oldest restaurant/inn – called the Stiftskeller St. Peter, is in Austria. Founded in 803, it is still serves to this day.
- The Austrian national flag is one of the oldest national flags in the world.
- The oldest zoological garden in the world Tiergarten Schönbrunn, is in Vienna and was founded in 1752.
- Arnold Schwarzenegger, former Hollywood actor and current governor of California, grew up as an Austrian citizen
- The sewing machine was invented in 1818 by Josef Madersperger, an Austrian.
- The founder of the German sports car company ‘Porsche’ was the Austrian Ferdinand Porsche. He also designed the Volkswagen (the “people’s car”).